Areas of Focus


An enormous player in the global seafood market, Russia is one of the world’s top ten producers of wild fish.


Spanning the length of an entire continent, Russian fisheries take many forms.

In their entirety Russian commercial fisheries target over 170 species of finfish and more than 100 species of invertebrates. Recent total wild catch in Russia has consistently exceeded four million metric tons, over half of which is harvested in the Russian Far East (RFE), a target region for our fishery improvement work. Sparsely populated with under seven million inhabitants, the human footprint in the RFE is minimal, and the untouched wilderness is home to some of the most productive marine and freshwater ecosystems on earth.

Primary species caught in the RFE are Russian pollock, Pacific herring, Pacific cod and Pacific salmon (pink, chum, sockeye, Chinook, and coho). While pollock and herring are caught in larger volumes, salmon is arguably more integral to Russia in both economic and cultural contexts. Salmon has long been a traditional food source, and subsistence use remains high. Much like for native societies in Alaska, salmon is a key food and livelihood for those living in the RFE. As a commodity, salmon is more valuable than other species caught in Russia, and as an anadromous species, salmon provide unmatched ecological benefits to the watersheds in which they spawn. Other species of importance caught in the RFE include Pacific mackerel, Pacific saury, Pacific halibut, haddock, and king crab.

Of the roughly seven hundred fishing companies in Russia, over half are located in the RFE. However, with only a handful of significant cities, the processing infrastructure in the RFE is limited. As a result, Russian fisheries are often at a competitive disadvantage relative to other fisheries around the Pacific which catch the same species. Partially due to the lack of sufficient infrastructure, Russia is a net exporter of seafood (both processed and unprocessed), and situations where seafood is exported for processing only to be imported for Russian consumption aren’t uncommon.

Along with the need for improving capacity, Russian fisheries also face significant fishery improvement needs. The big issue is Illegal, Unreported, and Unregulated Fishing (IUU). Its a complex socio-economic problem that manifests itself in many unfortunate ways. All seafood companies that want to source from this region need to understand the risks and be diligent with their supply chains.

The concentration of Russian fisheries and processing capacity in the RFE put it in the top tier of globally important fishing regions and progress in this region is vitally important to the success of the global sustainable seafood movement. Productive marine fisheries in the RFE are ripe for improvement efforts that help close loopholes for illegal activity, bolster fishery infrastructure, and build value for fishermen.

Russian Rapid Assessment Summaries

We conduct rapid assessments (see the Russian fishery summaries here) of strategically important fishery species to better articulate the fisheries landscape and to clearly map out the potential for fishery improvement and third party certification of fisheries targeting these species. These assessments will help inform policy, management, funding, and the direction of sustainable seafood work across the globe.

Stories from the Field: Russia

Meet O2's Russia Expert

Brian lives and breathes two passions: the conservation of aquatic ecosystems and connecting with the people, cultures, and places of the Asia-Pacific region. For 20 years, Brian has been building trusted relationships and engaging the burgeoning environmental community in East Asia. From Tokyo to the Kamchatka Peninsula, Brian has played an active role in promoting environmental progress and development of civil society. Brian is one of the founders of Ocean Outcomes (O2), and now leads as the Vice President for Engagement and Innovation, where he identifies and cultivates new, cross regional initiatives, leads anti-IUU efforts, and acts as O2’s chief evangelist. Previous to O2, Brian spent a decade at the Wild Salmon Center as the Director of the Sustainable Fisheries and Markets Program where he pioneered the fishery improvement model in the Russian Far East and rallied the market to enhance the legality and transparency of Russian fisheries. Brian received his MA in International Environmental Policy from the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, CA and a BA from Boston University. Brian has worked with a variety of non-profit organizations including Pacific Environment and the Monterey Bay Aquarium, as well as lived and worked full time at two overseas nature parks: Muraviovka Park for Sustainable Land Use in the Russian Far East and the Animal Refuge Kansai in the hills above Osaka, Japan. Brian was a David L Boren Graduate Fellow and was awarded a US State Department Diplomacy Fellowship in 2002.